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Wednesday, November 22, 2017

Former Bosnian Serb army commander Ratko Mladic sentenced to life for Bosnia genocide, war crimes Wednesday Nov 22,2017

Former Bosnian Serb army commander Ratko Mladic was on Wednesday Nov 22,2017 sentenced to life in prison for his role in "heinous crimes" committed during Bosnia's 1990s ethnic war.
"For having committed these crimes, the chamber sentences Ratko Mladic to life imprisonment," judge Alphons Orie told the Yugoslav war crimes court after finding Mladic guilty on 10 of 11 counts, including genocide for "heinous crimes against humankind". 

Zimbabwe’s ousted vice president Emmerson Mnangagwa to be sworn in as the President on Friday Nov 24,2017

Zimbabwe’s ousted vice president Emmerson Mnangagwa will be sworn in as successor to Robert Mugabe at a ceremony on Friday Nov 24,2017, state media said Wednesday, a day after the 93-year-old’s shock resignation.
“The former vice president, who had been out of the country after he was sacked from both party and government, will... replace comrade Robert Mugabe who resigned,” the state-run ZBC news site said on Wednesday.

A look at the coups that have changed history

Country: Italy
Year: 1922
Incumbent: King Victor Emmanuel III
Who took over: Benito Mussolini
An organised mass demonstration called the March on Rome brought the fascists headed by Mussolini to power. He went on to establish a dictatorship, founded fascism, and was the youngest Prime Minister in Italian history until 2014. He was captured by Italian communists in 1945, while trying to flee to Switzerland and summarily executed by a firing squad.
Country: Cuba
Years: 1933 and 1952
Incumbent: Gerardo Machado
Who took over: Fulgencio Batista
Batista first rose to power in 1933, in an incident termed the Revolt of the Sergeants. He held on to power until 1944, after which he moved to Florida. He then came back to Cuba in 1952 to participate in elections, but organised a military coup three months before polling when he faced certain defeat. He was ousted in 1959 in the Cuban Revolution led by Fidel Castro.

Country: France
Year: 1958
Incumbent: Rene Coty
Who took over: Charles de Gaulle
During the Algerian War of Independence, an event known as the Algerian putsch occurred, which led to de Gaulle’s re-entry into politics after 12 years. The French military in Algeria was upset about how little governmental support they were given. De Gaulle commissioned the new constitution of France and was elected the President of the French Republic, a position he held until 1969.
Country: Myanmar (then Burma)
Year: 1962
Incumbent: U Nu
Who took over: Gen. Ne Win
It was an almost bloodless coup that led to the military takeover of Myanmar. Ne Win had led a caretaker government and then handed over power to U Nu. Less than two years after this, Ne seized power and became both the head of state and the Prime Minister. The military junta was in power until 2011.
Country: Indonesia
Year: 1967
Incumbent: Sukarno
Who took over: Suharto
Sukarno’s last years as President were plagued by growing tensions between the military and the PKI, the Indonesian Communist Party. The army shot and killed seven officers in power, and Ministers. Suharto, a commander in the Army’s strategic reserve, took charge. He immediately blamed the coup on the PKI and several communists were killed in a mass action. Suharto resigned in 1998.

Country: Syria
Year: 1970
Incumbent: Salah Jadid
Who took over: Hafez al-Assad
The Corrective Movement in Syria aided al-Assad’s rise to power. Jadid spent the rest of his life in Syrian prison. Assad’s son Bashar al-Assad took over power following his father’s death in 2000.
Country: Philippines
Year: 1972
Incumbent: Diosdado Macapagal
Who took over: Ferdinand Marcos
In September 1972, Marcos imposed martial law in the Philippines. Incidentally, while the proclamation was signed on September 17, 1972, Marcos postdated it to September 21 for superstitious reasons. The law and his regime were both lifted in 1981.
Country: Chile
Year: 1973
Incumbent: Salvador Allende
Who took over: Augusto Pinochet
With a little help from their friends in the U.S., Pinochet, the Chilean army chief overthrew Allende, the democratically-elected President. The U.S. immediately recognised the juntaset up by Pinochet and supported it. Allende killed himself. Torture and detention centres were set up, and a large number of real and suspected leftists were killed. An internationally supported plebiscite in 1988 led to Pinochet stepping down.
Country: Argentina
Year: 1976
Incumbent: Isabel Peron
Who took over: Junta
A right-wing coup overthrew Peron as President of Argentina and was replaced by a militaryjunta. In this coup too, the U.S. had a hand, with former American Secretary of State Henry Kissinger meeting several times with Argentine military leaders.
Country: Pakistan
Year: 1977, 1999
Incumbent: Zulfikar Ali Bhutto, Nawaz Sharif
Who took over: Zia ul-Haq, Pervez Musharraf

Both times in Pakistan, the military took over from a democratically elected government. The 1977 coup was code named Operation Fair Play, and martial law was imposed until Zia’s death in 1988. Bhutto was executed by Zia’s government. Pervez Musharraf took over Sharif’s government overnight. But, Sharif and his family were pardoned by Musharraf, and they lived in exile until recently.
Country: Iran
Year: 1979
Incumbent: Reza Shah Pahlavi
Who took over: Ayatollah Khomeini
This revolution saw the overthrowing of the Pahlavi dynasty, an end to 2,500 years of Persian monarchy and the establishment of an Islamic Republic. Khomeini died in 1989 and was succeeded by Ali Khamenei who is now the Supreme Leader of Iran.
Country: Bangladesh
Year: 1982
Incumbent: Abdus Sattar
Who took over: Lt. Gen. Hussain Muhammad Ershad
After gaining independence from Pakistan in 1971, Bangladesh has seen a series of coups, and the assassination of Sheikh Mujibur Rahman. The army installed Khondaker Mostaq Ahmed as President, who was then overthrown by Maj. Gen. Ziaur Rahman. Sattar was Ziaur Rahman’s successor, who had to give his seat to Ershad, who then imposed martial law. Ershad’s political party, the Jatiyo party won elections in 1986 with all opposition parties boycotting the polls. He remained in power until 1990.
Country: Tunisia
Year: 1987
Incumbent: Habib Bourguiba
Who took over: Zine el Abidine Ben Ali
In 1987, there was a bloodless coup that involved the ousting of Bourguiba. This was originally called the Jasmine Revolution, until the 2011 protests against Ben Ali took on the same name. Ben Ali and his family are now living in exile in Jeddah.

Country: Venezuela
Year: 1992
Incumbent: Carlos Andres Perez
Who took over: Failed attempt
1992 saw Venezuela overcoming two coup attempts by Hugo Chavez. The second attempt was when Chavez was in prison. Chavez eventually became the President of Venezuela and served in that position until his death in 2013.
Country: Russia
Year: 1993
Incumbent: Boris Yeltsin
Who took over: Self-coup
A political stand-off between Russian President Boris Yeltsin and the Russian Parliament was resolved using military force. A ten-day conflict led to street fighting in Moscow, the deadliest event since the Russian Revolution. In 1991, a coup attempt was made on the government of Mikhail Gorbachev, an event that destabilised the Soviet Union and led to the breakup of the country.
Country: Fiji
Year: 2000 and 2006
Incumbent: Mahendra Chaudhry, Laisenia Qarase
Who took over: Frank Bainimarama
Fiji’s conflict stems from religious differences between ethnic Fijians and Indian Fijians. Qarase was stopped when trying to enter the Government House. Bainimarama was appointed Prime Minister and is still in power.
Country: Maldives
Year: 2011
Incumbent: Mohammed Nasheed
Who took over: Waheed Manik
Nasheed is credited with bringing democracy to the Maldives, but was ousted in an overnight overthrow. The coup-implanted government used force to subdue counter-protests. Nasheed claimed a coup but it hasn’t been internationally recognised as one yet.
Country: Egypt
Year: 2013
Incumbent: Mohammed Morsy
Who took over: Abdel Fattah el-Sisi
The Egyptian army chief Gen el-Sisi removed Morsy from power. Morsy himself had come to power after his predecessor Hosni Mubarak was forced to resign from his position. Pro-Morsy supporters and those who were a part of the Muslim Brotherhood were killed. el-Sisi remains in power.
Country: Thailand
Year: 2014
Incumbent: Niwatthamrong Boonsongpaisan
Who took over: Prayut Chan-o-cha
Prayut launched a coup, the country’s 12th coup since 1932, overthrew the caretaker government of Thailand and imposed martial law. The military also established a junta and former Thai king Bhumibol Adulyadej formally appointed Prayut to run the country.
Country: Yemen
Year: 2014
Incumbent: Abd-Rabbu Mansour Hadi
Who took over: Houthi rebels
Houthi insurgents stormed the Yemeni capital Sana’a and forced Hadi to resign. This led to a Saudi Arabia-led military intervention in the country which included airstrikes and naval blockades. A government still hasn’t been formed in Yemen.
Country: Turkey
Year: 2016
Incumbent: Recep Tayyip Erdogan
Who took over: Failed attempt
Over 300 people were killed, and many government buildings were bombed in a coup attempt that shook up Turkey in 2016. A faction of the Turkish military was believed to be behind the coup, but they failed to do so as state forces proved more powerful

2017 -18 Ashes Series Nov 23 - Jan 08,2018 - Australia Vs England 5-Match Test Series Begins in Brisbane on Thursday Nov 23,2017

Steve Smith (left) and Joe Root clutched at the Ashes urn they will be competing for 

The captains also carried a large glass replica trophy onto the pitch at the Gabba

Australia have not lost a Test match at the Gabba since 1988, with England not winning there since 1986

England have claimed the Ashes in four of the past five series between the two nations, leaving 2013-14 in Australia as the exception

Four Australian players - Smith, Warner, Lyon, Hazlewood, Marsh and Starc - remain from the team that lost to England in the previous series in 2015. England have six - Cook, Root, Bairstow, Moeen, Broad and Anderson

Two of the world's best batsmen will be in opposition when Australia's Steve Smith and England's Joe Root both lead their countries for the first time in an Ashes Test at Brisbane on Thursday.
Smith may be an unorthodox run-scorer but he is currently top of the Test batting rankings and Root, a more classical stylist, is second in that table
At 28, Smith is two years older than Root and the more experienced captain, having led Australia in 26 Tests, whereas Root has just come off his first home season as skipper. After series wins over South Africa and the West Indies, the Ashes is the Yorkshireman's first overseas tour at the helm.
Neither of the two captains is known for especially unusual tactics, while they've each shown it is possible to play aggressive cricket without resorting to over-the-top ‘sledging’, verbal abuse.

2017 -18 Ashes Series Nov 23 - Jan 08,2018 - 5 Controversies that Highlight the Oldest Rivalry

1)1932-1933: Bodyline

England captain Douglas Jardine's tactics of instructing his fast bowlers, led by Harold Larwood, to aim at batsmen's bodies -- in a bid to curb run-machine Donald Bradman -- provoked fury in Australia as the tourists regained the Ashes. 

The controversy reached a peak during the third Test at the Adelaide Oval when Australia captain Bill Woodfull was struck a blow on the heart while batting. 

After he was out, England team manager Pelham Warner passed on his sympathy only for Woodfull to cut him short by saying: "There are two teams out there. One is playing cricket and the other is not."

2)1958-1959: Throwing row

England suffered a 4-1 defeat in a five-match series in Australia dogged by controversy over the legitimacy of home paceman Ian Meckiff's action.

Many within the England camp, and some former Australia cricketers, were convinced that Meckiff, who took 17 wickets at just over 17 apiece, 'threw' -- regarded as a major cricket offence -- rather than bowled the ball with a straight arm. Doubts about his action eventually ended his career, after he was no-balled for throwing in a Test against South Africa in 1963. 

3)1970-1971: England walk-off

The final Test of the series in Sydney saw England fast bowler John Snow hit Australia tailender Terry Jenner on the head with a rising delivery, prompting a warning from umpire Lou Rowan. When Snow returned to his fielding position at fine leg, a drunk spectator reached over to grab him and beer cans and bottles then rained down on the England spearhead. 

England captain Ray Illingworth, concerned for the safety of his players, led his team off the field. 

As the debris was being cleared, Rowan warned England they risked forfeiting the match if they did not return. 

They did head back, with England going on to complete a 62-run victory to win the Ashes 2-0.

4)1981: Lillee, Marsh bet on England

England were on the brink of going 2-0 down after being made to follow-on in the third Test at Headingley with former England wicket-keeper Godfrey Evans, setting the odds for bookmakers Ladbrokes, making them 500/1 rank outsiders at that stage.

With concerns over match-fixing not as prevalent then as now, the odds were too tempting for Australia fast bowler Dennis Lillee. 

"I had never seen such ludicrous odds offered for a two-horse race," Lillee, who laid a bet along with team-mate Rodney Marsh via the driver of the Australia team's coach, recalled years later.

But a stunning second-innings hundred by Ian Botham, and eight wickets from fast bowler Bob Willis saw England complete a remarkable win.

It was the first of several superb individual displays from Botham that inspired England to a series victory.

5)2013:Stuart Broad refuses to walk

Stuart Broad was on 37 not out in England's second innings during the first Test at Trent Bridge when he edged left-arm spinner Ashton Agar via wicket-keeper Brad Haddin's glove to Michael Clarke at slip.

However, he was given not out by umpire Aleem Dar and Broad brazenly refused to 'walk', or give himself out. The tourists were incensed.

Broad went on to make 65, and they turned out to be valuable extra runs as England won by just 14

Hike, Airtel Payments Bank Tie-up For Mobile Wallet

Messaging app Hike Wednesday Nov 22,2017 said it has tied up with Airtel Payments Bank to power its mobile wallet product. 

Hike users will have access to the banks vast product line including merchant and utility payments, it added. 

The SoftBank-backed app, which has over 100 million registered users, saw over 30 per cent month-on-month growth for its wallet service.

 "Through this partnership, Airtel Payments Bank gets access to over 100M (million) users on Hike and will begin powering the Hike Wallet product," Hike said in a statement.

Since Harvey Weinstein was accused of sexual misconduct, here's more high-profile names